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Canberra

Australian Capital Territory

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Canberra Local History

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Local History of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

Canberra is the capital city of Australia, located in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). The region of Canberra has a rich and diverse history, dating back tens of thousands of years to the Indigenous people who first lived on this land. Before European settlement, the region of Canberra was home to several Indigenous groups, including the Ngunnawal, Ngambri, Walgalu, Wiradjuri, Ngarigo, and Yuin people.

Early European Settlement

The first Europeans to arrive in the Canberra region were explorers, including Charles Throsby and Joseph Wild, who arrived in the early 1800s. However, it was not until 1824 that a European settlement was established in the region, led by Joshua John Moore. The settlement, known as Canberry, was established as a base for the exploration of the surrounding area and for the grazing of livestock.

Gold Rush and Growth

In the 1850s, the discovery of gold in nearby regions led to a surge in population growth in the area. This growth continued through the 1870s, as the discovery of silver in the nearby town of Yass led to the establishment of a thriving mining industry.

In 1901, Canberra became the capital city of the newly federated Australia. The city was chosen because it was located between the two largest cities in Australia, Sydney and Melbourne, and it was seen as a neutral location for the federal capital. The city was named after the Indigenous word for "meeting place".

World War II and Beyond

During World War II, Canberra became an important base for the Allied forces. The city was home to several important military facilities, including the Royal Australian Air Force's Central Flying School and the Australian Army's Royal Military College. After the war, the city continued to grow, with the construction of several new government buildings and the establishment of several universities.

In recent years, the region of Canberra has experienced significant growth and development. Today, the city is home to a thriving arts and culture scene, world-class museums and galleries, and some of the best restaurants and cafes in Australia. The region is also home to several beautiful national parks and nature reserves.

History of in Canberra

The history of Canberra and the surrounding region is a story of resilience, growth, and change. From the Indigenous people who first lived on this land to the early European settlers, to the city's role as the capital of Australia, the region has played an important role in the history of Australia. Today, Canberra continues to grow and evolve, while remaining true to its rich and diverse history.


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Captain Cook Memorial Globe on the shores of Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra
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